TIMELINE: The Philippines return to the Venice Art Biennale
The return of the Philippines to the Venice Art Biennale in 2015 was an opportunity for the country to re-establish and reaffirm its presence in the international contemporary art scene since the Philippines’ first participation at the prestigious event in 1964, when National Artists José Joya and Napoleón Abueva represented the country.
The idea of participating in the Venice Art Biennale was initially conceived in 2013, when Senator Loren Legarda posed the question during the budget hearings of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) and of the cultural agencies.
Senator Legarda had made several visits to museums and contemporary art spaces in previous years, and also had the opportunity to visit Venice in November 2013 to see several national pavilions at the Art Biennale. Noting then that countries such as the Maldives and Tuvalu participated in the Biennale, the Senator was determined to have a national pavilion for the Philippines.
Emphasizing the necessity for the Philippines to engage the international community on the cultural level, the Senator convinced the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and the DFA to work on the Philippines’ entry to the 56th Venice Art Biennale in 2015.
The Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Chairman of the NCCA jointly submitted a letter of intent to the President of La Biennale di Venezia, Paolo Baratta. In a letter dated January 17, 2014, Baratta extended a formal invitation to the Philippines to participate in the 56th Venice Art Biennale in 2015.
To facilitate coordination among government agencies involved, and to carry out the necessary preparations for the Philippines’ participation, a Coordinating Committee comprised primarily of the NCCA, the DFA and the Office of Senator Loren Legarda, was then created.
The NCCA was also appointed Commissioner for the Philippine pavilion. As the Commissioner, it is tasked to supervise the country’s participation in the Venice Art Biennale.
25 July 2014
To ensure a transparent and democratic selection process of the country’s participant(s) in the Philippine pavilion at the Venice Art Biennale 2015, an open call for curatorial proposals was released by the Coordinating Committee. The deadline for submission of proposals was set to 28 August 2014, then later extended to 3 September 2014.
There was a significant number of submissions on deadline day itself, and a total of 16 curatorial proposals was received by the Coordinating Committee.
TIMELINE: First participation in the Venice Architecture Biennale 2016
Senator Loren Legarda announced to the public during the Christie’s Art Forum at Art Fair Philippines, that the Philippines would be participating not only in the 57th Venice Art Biennale in 2017, but also in the 15th Venice Architecture Biennale in 2016.
On May 11, NCCA Chairman Felipe M. de Leon, Jr. wrote a letter to La Biennale di Venezia President Paolo Baratta, expressing the country’s interest in participating in the 15th Venice Architecture Biennale in 2016.
On May 18, a letter by Debora Rossi, Director of the Legal and Institutional Affairs of La Biennale di Venezia, explained the process of the application for the National Participation at the Biennale. It is stated in the letter that one of the core requirements of the procedure is that the Commissioner should be part of the Administration that represents the State.
On June 22, Consul General Marichu Mauro of the Philippine Consulate General in Milan personally delivered the response letter of Chairman de Leon to Rossi. It explained that the NCCA is the de facto Ministry of Culture of the Philippines and that de Leon is the rightful representative of the State.
On July 13, an invitation letter from La Biennale di Venezia was sent to NCCA Chairman de Leon, formally inviting the Philippines to participate in the 15th Venice Architecture Biennale in 2016.
On August 6, an open call for curatorial proposals was made to Filipino architects, curators, practicing artists from different disciplines, urban planners, ecological activists, geographers, historians and critics of space, and heritage workers.
On September 26, during the ICOMOS Meeting (International Council on Monuments and Sites) at the NCCA, Patrick Flores (curator of the Philippine pavilion at the Venice Art Biennale in 2015) made a presentation to invite architects and heritage workers to respond to the open call for curatorial proposals.
On September 28, a consultation meeting was held at the NCCA where Flores and Aurea Lopez (project head of the Coordinating Committee) presented the space of the Philippine Pavilion, and explained the meaning of architecture in the context of the Biennale. The 30 participants in attendance were architects from major architecture firms in the country, curators, artists and deans from educational institutions. This meeting was a vital part of the selection process. The deadline for submission of proposals was extended to 30 October 2015.
The Coordinating Committee received a total of 13 curatorial proposals.